Note: If you are starting from scratch it's recommended to use biblatex since that package provides localization in several languages, it's actively developed and makes bibliography management easier and more flexible.
How to Write a Bibliography - Accounting Writing Program | Tippie College of Business
Note, though, that most journals still use bibtex and natbib. Open an example of the natbib package in Overleaf. A simple working example was shown at the introduction, there are more bibliography-related commands available. The bibliography files must have the standard bibtex syntax and the extension. They contain a list of bibliography sources and several fields with information about each entry.
This file contains records in a special format, for instance, the first bibliographic reference is defined by:. Not all the information in the. URLs uniform resource locators provide the location for a source on the Internet. However, URLs can often change, which causes problems for references because we're trying to send our readers to a specific location.
That location problem is where DOIs come in. DOI stands for digital object identifier. DOIs provide static, permanent online locations for sources. They're also noticeably shorter than most URLs, which is handy! If you can't find the DOI on either the article or the database record page, you can look it up on CrossRef. Scroll down to the bottom and type in the first author's last name and the title of the article. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book.
For example: The, Publishers, Co. However, keep the words Books, Sons, and Brothers. The word Press can be kept or omitted depending on the publisher's name. Keep Press in situations where the names could be confusing without it Free Press or when part of the name of a university press. Issue Publication Date : page numbers. Note: Chicago citation for online sources contains the following pieces. If you refer to a website in general, but not a specific part of that website, Chicago states that you can simply use an in-text citation with the website's name and URL.
Here's an example:. Note that a website is the larger source. Just as book and journal titles are in italics, website titles should be in italics, too. If you refer to a blog post or comment in general, Chicago states that you can simply use an in-text citation with the blog's name and date. Title of Work. Original Release Year. Title of Report: Subtitle of Report.
City of Publication: Publisher, Publication Year. If the material in the course pack was previously published a chapter from a book, an article from a journal , cite the source as you would its original version. See the tabs for books and articles.
If the material in the course pack was not previously published, cite the source as a compilation. Class notes can't be retrieved by most readers. You may share your notes with a friend or group in the class, but for the most part, no one else will see them. Because class notes can't be retrieved, they should be cited in the footnote. See the example above. PowerPoint files or other materials shared live in a class are just like live lectures—they can't be retrieved by anyone after the fact. Because of that, they should be cited in the text.
If your professor posts PowerPoint or other files online on a website, etc. If the material uploaded to Blackboard was previously published a chapter from a book, an article from a journal , cite the source as you would its original version. Do not provide the URL to Blackboard. If the material uploaded to Blackboard is original lecture notes or unattributed doesn't give full source information , then cite as much as you can that falls into the who, what, when, where format: author, title, source, date, and URL.
Paper Presentation — Footnote Succeeding Notes. Published Proceedings — Footnote Succeeding Notes. Location of Conference, Dates of Conference.
References to the Bible and other religious texts are usually referred to in just the footnotes rather than in the footnotes and the bibliography. References to religious texts should include the book usually abbreviated , chapter, and verse, but not the page number. This is because pagination is often different for different versions.
For proper abbreviations for the books see Chicago Manual of Style sec. In the text of your paper, you should spell out the name of the book of the Bible.
However, in the footnotes, you can abbreviate the name of the book. See sec. Formatting the title. In the text of your paper, the names of religious works are capitalized but not put in italics.
See Chicago Manual of Style sec. Formatting the reference.
Citing Internet Sources
Biblical references are given in numeral; chapter and verse are separated by a colon Chicago Manual of Style sec. For the Koran, provide surah and verse. Koran Versions of the Bible. Books and numbering are not identical in different versions; it is essential to identify which version is being cited. For general readers, the version should be spelled out, at least for the first occurrence, for specialists, the abbreviation may be used. While the Chicago Manual of Style states that you usually don't need to provide a bibliography entry for religious texts, you may find that some professors require it.
In those cases, format religious texts the same way you would a book. These are basic examples for citing legal materials; for more information, see the latest edition of The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation 19th ed. Common Abbreviations. Additional Notes:. U69 Located in Concordia Library 1st floor. Use the manual to find citation examples for less often used materials and for information on formatting papers. Use superscript format and start with the number 1. Place the note number at the end of the clause or sentence that refers to the source and after all punctuation except for dashes —.
The next time you cite that source, you only need to provide the author's last name, a shortened source title, and the page number where you found the information.